Health Belief Model on Sexual Behavior Issues among Prisoners at Prison in Pekalongan, Central Java


  • Liliana Dwi Pranita Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University
  • Argyo Demartoto Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sebelas Maret University
  • Bhisma Murti Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University


Bacground: One of the basic human needs to be fulfilled is sexual need. Prisoners face problem in their sexual need fulfilment and freedom, due to the prison’s diciplinary system, including supervison, strict disciplinary mechanism, and enactment of spatial division between men and women. As a consequence, there often occur perverted sexual behaviors, including homosexuality. This study aimed to analyze the sexual behavior issues among prisoners at prison using Health Belief Model.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative descriptive study with phenomenological approach. The main key informants in this study were prisoners having imprisoned for one year or more and officers at Class IIA prison, in Pekalongan, Central Java. The supporting informants included health personnel (doctors and nurses) at Class IIA prison clinic.

Results: All informants reported that they were susceptible to engage in risky sexual behaviors in order to fulfil their sexual need, such as masturbation and homosexuality. The psychological adverse effects they had experienced included fear and feeling of embarrassment their perverted sexual behaviors were recognized by others.  The informants reported that they did not have self-efficacy in coping with sexual need issues while in prison.

Conclusion : The imprisonment system has an impact on the way inmates meet their sexual needs through masturbation. The role of prison officials is urgently needed to enable prisoners to address the problems of their biological needs through beneficial activities while in prison.

Keywords: prisoners, sexual behaviors, Health Belief Model

Correspondence: Liliana Dwi Pranita. Masters Program in Public Heath, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +6285647000303.

Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2017), 2(3): 232-241


Abrar AN, Tamtiari W (2001). Konstruksi Seksualitas: Antara Hak dan Kekuasaan. Yogyakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan UGM.

Direktorat Jenderal Pemasyarakatan (Ditjen PAS) Kementerian Hukum dan HAM (2017). Sistem Database Pemasyarakatan: Status Pelaporan Jumlah Penghuni.

Donaldson S (1990). Rape of Males. In the Encyclopedia of Homosexuality, edited by Wayne R. Dynes. New York: Garland Publications.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI (2009). Laporan Estimasi Populasi Dewasa Rawan Tertular HIV 2009. Jakarta.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI (2011). Surveilans Terpadu Biologis dan Perilaku, pada Kelompok Berisiko Tinggi di Indonesia. Jakarta.

Lestari H (2009). Upaya Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Seksual Narapidana Laki-laki di Rumah Tahanan Negara Klas I Jakarta Pusat. Jakarta: Fisip UI.

Lux KM, Petosa R (1994) Using the Health Belief Model to Predict Safer Sex Intentions of Incarcerated Youth. Health Education Quarterly, 21(4): 487-497.

Maslow A (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50: 370-396.

Matthews M, Meaden J, Petrak L, Shepstone L, Evans J (2000). ‘Psychological consequences of sexual assault among female attenders at a genitourinary medicine clinic’, Sexually Transmitted Infections, 76, 49–50.

Negrao N (2015). Upaya Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Purwokerto dalam Memenuhi Kebutuhan seksual Narapidana yang Terikat Perkawinan. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Hukum Universitas Atma Jaya.

Peraturan Menteri Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia RI Nomor 21 Tahun 2013 Tentang Syarat dan Tata Cara Pemberian Remisi, Asimilasi, Cuti Mengunjungi Keluarga, Pembebasan Bersyarat, Cuti Menjelang Bebas, dan Cuti Bersyarat.

Rawlett K (2011). Analytical Evaluation of the Health Belief Model and the Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Model Applied to a Medically Underserved, Rural Population. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 1(2): 15-21.

Saliu A, Akintude B (2014). Knowledge, Attitude, and Preventive Practices among Prison Inmates in Ogbomoso Prison at Oyo State, South West Nigeria. International Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 2014: 1-6.

Smet B (1994). Psikologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 1995 Tentang Pemasyarakatan.

Wilson D, Lavelle S, Hood R (1990) Health knowledge and beliefs as predictors of intended condom use among Zimbabwean adolescents in probation/remand homes. AIDS Care, 2(3): 267-274.

Wilson S (2005). Dunia di Balik Jeruji: Kesaksian Perlawanan. Resist Book Publishing House. Jakarta. pg, 157.

Wooden W, Parker J (1982). Men behind Bars: Sexual Exploitation in Prison. New York: Plenum Press.




How to Cite

Pranita, L. D., Demartoto, A., & Murti, B. (2017). Health Belief Model on Sexual Behavior Issues among Prisoners at Prison in Pekalongan, Central Java. Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior, 2(3), 232–241. Retrieved from




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>