Application of Theory of Planned Behavior on COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
Background: According to secondary data from the Central Sulawesi Provincial Health Office, updated information regarding the COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City, Central Sulawesi has only reached 4.82%. As of Monday, March 14 2022. This data can be said to be lagging behind vaccination coverage rates because there are still many people who have not carried out vaccinations, this can be applied through Theory Planned Behavior to the use of COVID-19 vaccination at the Palu City Health Center, Central Sulawesi.
Subjects and Method: Qualitative study with key informant interviews. Interviews were conducted in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Interviews were conducted with 7 people who had not received the COVID-19 vaccination at all, 4 people who had received the second dose of COVID-19 vaccination, 4 people who had received the third dose of COVID-19 vaccination, and key informant 1 City health center promotion worker Palu, Head of the surveillance section of the Palu City Health Service and immunization as well as the COVID-19 Task Force, as well as 1 additional informant from the family.
Results: It can be seen that the lack of knowledge has a great impact on attitudes towards behavior from the community, in which in addition to believing in negative news about the COVID-19 vaccination, there is also the influence of the subjective norm variable, namely the prohibition from the family in carrying out the COVID-19 vaccination, but in the predictive variable behavioral control had little impact on the use of the COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City.
Conclusion: In this study it was concluded that the application of the Theory of Planned Behavior on the use of COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, had an effect especially in terms of attitude towards behavior variables and subjective norm variables.
Keywords: vaccination, COVID-19, theory planned behavior.
Gadis Nur Anggreani. Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mobile: +6281335205131.
Ajzen I (2020). The theory of planned behavior Frequently asked questions. 2(4), 314 324. Doi: 10.1002/hbe2.195
Amalin A, Rahardjo S, and Prasetya H (2021). Mortality and Severity of COVID-19 Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Meta-Analysis. 6(3), 333–346. Doi: 10.26-911/jepublichealth.2021.06.03.07
Borah P, Xiao, Lee (2022). Narrative Mes-sages, Information Seeking, and COVID-19 Vaccine Intention: The Moderating Role of Perceived Behavioral Control. 36(6), 923–933. Doi: 10.-1177/08901171221075019
Cordina M, Lauri, Lauri J (2021). Attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination, vaccine hesitancy, and intention to take the vaccine. 19(1), 1–9. Doi:1 0.18549/PharmPract.2021.1.2317
Dzinamarira T, Nachipo B, Phiri B, Musuka G (2021). COVID-19 vaccine roll-out in south Africa and Zimbabwe: Urgent need to address community preparedness, fears, and hesitancy. 9(3), 1–10. Doi: 10.3390/vaccines9030250
Elhadi M, Alsoufi M, Ahmed A, Abdul-mueti, Alshareea, Entisar A, Dokali M, et al. (2021). Knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of healthcare workers and the public regarding the COVID-19 vaccine: a cross-sectional study. 21(1), 1–21. Doi:10.1186/s12889-021-10987-3
Farina (2021). Aspek Hukum Pelaksanaan Vaksinasi COVID-19 di Indonesia. 10(4), 1263. Doi: 10.24912/psenapen-mas.v0i0.15162
Husain F, Shahnawaz M, Khan N (2021). Intention to get COVID-19 vaccines: Exploring the role of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, belief in COVID-19 misinformation, and vaccine confidence in Northern India. 17(11),3941–3953. Doi:10.1080/21645515.2021.1967039
Ikbal M, Santi R, Novika S. (2018). Penerapan Metode Theory Of Planned Behavior (TPB) Terhadap Respon Pengguna Dalam Pemanfaatan E-Learning Pada UIN Raden Fatah Palembang (Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) Method to User Responses in the Utilization of E-Learning at UIN Raden Fatah Palem-bang). 1(1), 1-30. Doi: 10.-11788/repositoryradenfatah.240921
Indriyanti D (2021). Persepsi Petugas Puskesmas terhadap Pelaksanaan Vaksinasi COVID-19 pada Era New Normal Perceptions of Public Health Center Officers on the Implementation of COVID-19 Vaccination in the New Normal Era. 12(1), 29. Doi: 10.35-880/inspirasi.v11i1.172
Kurniawati, Prasetya H, Murti B (2021). MetaAnalysis of the Effects of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on COVID-19 Mortality. 6(2), 177–191. Doi: 10.26911/jepublichealth.2021.06.02.05
Limna P, Siripipatthanakul S, Phayaprom B (2022). Factors Affecting Intention to Get COVID-19 Vaccination Among Thai People. 2 (1), 1-6. Doi: 10.0111/ijba20210111
Luis F, Moncayo (2018). Panduan Pene-litian dan Pelaporan Peneltian Kualitatif (Research Guide and Qualitative Research Reports), kementrian Kesehatan 2018. 2(7), 6-122. Doi: 10.-179/9788490225370
Mahyarni (2015). Sebuah Kajian Historis tentang Perilaku (A Historical Study of Behavior). 4(1), 13–23. Doi: 10.41132/ejournalsuska20150104
Masturoh I (2018). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan Pusat Pendidikan Sumber daya Kesehatan Kemenkes RI. 99 (12), 1–6. Doi: 10.1218/rmik7399122018
Maulana S, Musthofa F, Komariah M (2021). Studi Kasus Perilaku Penolakan Vaksin COVID-19 Di Indonesia: Analisis Penyebab Dan Strategi Intervensi Berdasarkan Perspektif Teori Planned Behavior. 6(3), 359–363. Doi: 10.378-87/jimkesmas.v6i3.20178
Munawaroh S, Prasetya H, Murti B (2021). Meta-Analysis of the effect of asthma Comorbidity on the mortality of CO-VID-19 Patients. 6(2), 256–267. Doi: 10.26911/jepublichealth.2021.06.02.12.
Nurdiani N (2014). Teknik Sampling Snowball dalam Penelitian Lapangan . 5(2), 11-10. Doi: 10.21512/comtech.v5i2.2427
Septiwiharti D (2020). Budaya Sintuvu Masyarakat Kaili Di Sulawesi Tengah. 14(1), 47–64. Doi: 10.24832/nw.v1-4i1.419
Setiowati T, Pamungkasari E, Prasetya H (2019). Application of Theory of Planned Behavior on Sexual Behavior in Female Adolescents. 4(2), 126–136. Doi: 10.26911/thejhpb.2019.04.02.05
Sherman (2021). COVID-19 vaccination intention in the UK: results from the COVID-19 vaccination acceptability study (CoVAccS). 17(6), 1612–1621. Doi: 10.3390/vaccines9030250
Singh, Deshpande S, Amoncar N (2022). An application of the theory of Health Marketing Quarterly. 0(0), 1–18. Doi: 10.1080/07359683.2022.2092325
Siu, Cao, Shum (2022). Perceptions of and hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccination in older Chinese adults in Hong Kong: a qualitative study. 22(1), 1–16. Doi:10.1186/s12877-022-03000-y
Ugwuoke (2021). Expanding the boundaries of vaccine discourse: impact of vi¬sual illustrations communication intervention on intention towards COVID-19 vaccination among victims of insecurity in Nigeria. 17(10), 3450–3456. Doi: 10.1080/21645515.2021.1886558
Walker (2021). A qualitative study exploring the relationship between mothers' vaccine hesitancy and health beliefs with COVID-19 vaccination intention and prevention during the early pan-demic months. 17(10), 3355–3364. Doi: 10.1080/21645515.2021.1942713
Wilkinson (2021). Primary care’s historic role in vaccination and potential role in COVID-19 immunization programs. 19(4), 351–355. Doi: 10.1370/afm.2679.