Application of Theory of Planned Behavior on COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


  • Gadis Nur Anggreani Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Hanung Prasetya Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta
  • Bhisma Murti Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: According to secondary data from the Central Sulawesi Provincial Health Office, updated information regarding the COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City, Central Sulawesi has only reached 4.82%. As of Monday, March 14 2022. This data can be said to be lagging behind vacci­nation coverage rates because there are still many people who have not carried out vacci­nations, this can be applied through Theory Planned Behavior to the use of COVID-19 vaccination at the Palu City Health Center, Central Sulawesi.

Subjects and Method: Qualitative study with key informant interviews. Interviews were conducted in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Interviews were conducted with 7 people who had not received the COVID-19 vaccination at all, 4 people who had received the second dose of COVID-19 vaccination, 4 people who had received the third dose of COVID-19 vaccination, and key informant 1 City health center promotion worker Palu, Head of the surveillance section of the Palu City Health Service and immunization as well as the COVID-19 Task Force, as well as 1 additional informant from the family.

Results: It can be seen that the lack of knowledge has a great impact on attitudes towards behavior from the community, in which in addition to believing in negative news about the COVID-19 vaccination, there is also the influence of the subjective norm variable, namely the prohibition from the family in carrying out the COVID-19 vaccination, but in the predictive variable behavioral control had little impact on the use of the COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City.

Conclusion: In this study it was concluded that the application of the Theory of Planned Behavior on the use of COVID-19 vaccination in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, had an effect especially in terms of attitude towards behavior variables and subjective norm variables.

Keywords: vaccination, COVID-19, theory planned behavior.


Gadis Nur Anggreani. Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +6281335205131.

Author Biography

Hanung Prasetya, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta

Study Program of Acupuncture


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How to Cite

Anggreani, G. N., Prasetya, H., & Murti, B. (2023). Application of Theory of Planned Behavior on COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior, 8(2), 116–126.




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